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30 Universal Human Rights


Right to equality: 

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.


Right to freedom from discrimination:

Every individual is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.


Right to life:

Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.


Right to freedom from slavery:

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.


Right to freedom from torture:

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.


Right to recognition as a person before the law:

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.


Right to equality before the law: 

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.


Right to remedy by competent tribunal: 

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.


Right to freedom from arbitrary detention:

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.


Right to fair trial:

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.


Right to presumption of innocence:

Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.


Right to freedom from retroactive laws:

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.


Right to freedom of movement:

Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.


Right to asylum:

Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.


Right to nationality:

Everyone has the right to a nationality.


Right to marriage and family:

Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.


Right to own property:

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.


Freedom of thought, conscience and religion:

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.


Freedom of opinion and expression:

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.


Right to peaceful assembly and association:

Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.


Right to take part in government:

Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.


Right to social security:

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.


Right to work:

Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.


Right to rest and leisure:

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.


Right to a standard of living adequate for health and well-being:

Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.


Right to education:

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.


Right to participate in cultural life:

Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.


Right to a free and fair world:

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.


Right to responsibilities:

Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.


Right to no deprivation of any rights without a fair trial:

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein, nor shall any such right be exercised in violation of the principles of the United Nations. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

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